Best Start Resource Centre (2016). Mixing alcohol and breastfeeding. Retrieved from

Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. (2018). Canada’s low-risk alcohol drinking guidelines. Retrieved from

CanFASD (2018, May).FASD fact sheet. Retrieved from

CanFASD (2013). Prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD): A multi-level model. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017). Treatments. Retrieved from

Cook, J.L., Green, C.R., Lilley, C.M., Anderson, S.M., Baldwin, M.E., Chudley, A.E. … Rosales, T. (2016). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a guideline for diagnosis across the lifespan. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 188(3), 191-197.

FASD ONE (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Ontario Network of Expertise) (2014). Education essentials for students with FASD: Setting them up for success. Retrieved from

FASD Waterloo Region (2018). Primary disabilities. Retrieved from

FASD Waterloo Region (2013a) Explaining FASD to your child. Retrieved from

FASD Waterloo Region (2013b). Managing behaviour. Retrieved from

FASD Waterloo Region (2013c). At school. Retrieved from

FASD Waterloo Region (2013d). Justice and the legal system. Retrieved from

Government of Canada (2006). Health effects of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Accessed from

Ialomiteanu, A. R., Hamilton, H. A., Adlaf, E. M., & Mann, R. E. (2016). CAMH monitor e-report: Substance use, mental health and well-being among Ontario adults, 1977–2015 (CAMH Research Document Series No. 45). Retrieved from—camh-monitor/camh-monitor-2015-ereport-final-web-pdf.pdf?la=en&hash=A4490B23075FEA9ADF9E3F899B8F62DD90440DB0

John Howard Society (2010). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and the criminal justice system: A poor fit. Retrieved on September 11, 2018,

Malbin, D. (2017). Trying differently rather than harder (3rd ed.). Oregon: Diane Malbin.

Popova, S., Lange, S., Chudley A., Reynolds, J., Rehm, J., May, P., & Riley, E. (2018, April). World Health Organization international study on the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD): Canadian component. Retrieved from—reports-and-books—research/who-fasd-report-english-april2018-pdf.pdf

University of Alberta (2018). Intelligence. Retrieved September 6, 2018 from the FASD Wiki:

University of Rochester (2016). Understanding fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Retrieved from