Research

Conversation boosts honesty over drinking in pregnancy, study finds

A “conversational approach” is the most successful way of encouraging honest disclosure of drinking habits by pregnant women, a new study says. This contrasts with previous research that had recommended midwives should use formal screening tools, such as structured questionnaires. The new study, from Stirling and Edinburgh universities, said it was important to build trust. […]

From Research to Impact: How Efficient Are Our Health Interventions?

The challenges associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities can be complex, and families often access a wide range of specialized clinical, educational, and community-based interventions to help their children. But the reality is money is limited and competition to fund these interventions and services can be stiff. How efficient are our health interventions? Being able to prove […]

Surgeon General Releases Advisory on Marijuana’s Damaging Effects on the Developing Brain

Today, Surgeon General Vice Adm. Jerome M. Adams, issued an advisory emphasizing the importance of protecting youth and pregnant women from marijuana’s damaging effects on the developing brain. Marijuana, or cannabis, is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a component of marijuana, binds to receptors in the brain, producing […]

Canadian Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Database Demonstrates International Leadership in FASD Research

A decade ago, Chief Scientific Officer of Kids Brain Health Network (KBHN) Dr. James Reynolds remembers considering how groundbreaking it would be to have a Canadian Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) database – one that could capture the many unanswered questions surrounding the disability. Dr. Sterling Clarren—former Scientific Director of the Canada Fetal Alcohol Spectrum […]

Alcohol exposure during pregnancy linked with dose-dependent increase in miscarriage risk

Consuming alcohol during pregnancy leads to a 19% greater risk of miscarriage compared with not using alcohol, according to a new study led by Vanderbilt researchers. Published in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, the study also found that for alcohol exposure of less than five drinks per week, each additional drink per week during pregnancy was […]

Depression is the largest factor for substance use during pregnancy, research finds

The study is the first in Canada to focus on the predictors for substance use in expectant mothers. Western researchers have found that depression is the primary risk factor for substance use during pregnancy, and is more important than education, income or age. Associate professor Jaime Seabrook says that the main takeaway from the findings is […]

Number of children born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder on the rise

The number of children born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is on the rise. Why? There are many factors, but let’s start with some startling statistics. Here in the U.S., one in 20 kids has some effects from prenatal alcohol exposure. That’s five percent. And, one out of every 9 women admits to drinking […]

Alarming Ontario drinking statistics obligates reappraisal of the impact of alcohol on newborns

Alarming Ontario drinking statistics The report by Myran et al (2019)1 in CMAJ represents among the most comprehensive account of alcohol abuse in Ontario. It relies on emergency department visits caused by the alcohol use. The results show that from 2003 to 2016, emergency department visits due to alcohol consumption have increased 4.4 times more […]

New studies suggest prenatal marijuana may be capable of causing FASD-like impairment

Marijuana and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Whether alone or combined with alcohol, new studies included in Birth Defects Research just published by the Teratology Society with John Wiley & Sons, suggest marijuana exposure may be capable of triggering morphological and behavioral impairments similar to those seen with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). The groundbreaking […]

Binge-drinking sending more young women to ER, ‘eye-opening’ study finds

Binge-drinking in Ontario More young people in Ontario — especially young women — are ending up in hospital emergency departments because of excessive alcohol use (binge-drinking), according to a new study from scientists in Ottawa. The research, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal on Monday, looked at a total of 765,354 emergency room visits […]